Training  Kit No. 4.3 


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Photo No. 18

The cereal seed is sown together with an application of phosphate fertiliser.

Sowing the two together will improve the response from the phosphate.

There is no need for nitrogen after good medic pasture.

The medic supplies the nitrogen.

Photo No. 19 

The best machine to sow the seed and fertiliser is a combine seeder fitted with tines.

This machine can carry out three operations at once.  

Photo No. 20 

The first row of tines on the seeder will cultivate the soil again to kill any further germinations of weeds and break open the soil.

The farmer is pointing to these cultivating tines.


Photo No. 21

The next two rows of tines are fitted with tubes.

The farmer is pointing to the tubes.

The tubes take the seed and the phosphate fertiliser from the boxes and place it behind the tine.  

Photo No. 22

These tubes place the seed and phosphate at a precise depth.

Less seed is wasted.

The phosphate is more effective.  

Photo No. 23 

Harrows are pulled behind the combine seeder to cover the seed and level the ground.

It is easier to harvest the cereal if the ground is level.


Photo No. 24 

Because of the precise placement of the seed you can reduce the seeding rate from the present 100 kg per hectare without reducing the yield.

Photo No. 25.  

70 kg per ha. of cereal seed will produce the same results.

This is a considerable cost saving from using a combine seeder.  

Photo No. 26 

You can sow the cereal seed by hand if you cannot obtain a combine seeder.

Continue to next Training Kit No 4.4

Further information and links

More on seeders

Placement of seed and fertilisers